La «muerte gris». Nueva droga a tener en cuenta oposición a Policía Nacional.

En el tema de Drogodependencias debéis de estudiar una serie de conceptos y clasificación de las drogas. Es importante estar al día de las nuevas drogas que aparecen en el mercado, que, en la mayoría de ocasiones son productos de laboratorio con un claro afán lucrativo y consecuentemente un gran daño en la salud de la sociedad.

En esta ocasión informamos de una nueva «mezcla» de opiáceos, entre ellos, la heroína. Esta nueva droga es conocida con el nombre de «muerte gris» por su gran parecido al cemento. Vamos a explicar qué es la heroína y más abajo hablaremos de la «muerte gris».

¿Qué es la heroína?

Recordamos que se trata de un opiáceo semisintético, cuya denominación científica es diacetilmorfina. Nace igualmente como medicamento y lo hace en sustitución de la morfina, pero termina revelándose aún peor que aquella, por lo que desaparece del mercado como fármaco, aunque en algún país (Reino Unido), con autorización de la OMS, se elabora con fines de investigación.

En base a su origen y presentación, hay varios tipos:

  1. Heroína base o Tsao-ta. También llamada heroína nº 2, procedente del sudeste asiático y fácilmente obtenible tras los oportunos procesos químicos, puede convertirse en los números 3 y 4. Su color va del gris claro al gris o pardo oscuro, también puede tener el color amarillento, o rosada, presentándose más o menos pulverulenta o granulada.
  2. Heroína blanca. También denominada n º 4, tailandesa o francesa. Es un polvo de color blanco y fino, de textura aterciopelada. Tiene el porcentaje más elevado en principio activo, llegando a alcanzar el 90 % de riqueza en origen. Procede del Triángulo Dorado (Laos, Birmania y Tailandia). Es la heroína más refinada del mercado y el proceso de fabricación implica éter y ácido clorhídrico, haciendo que el procedimiento sea extremadamente peligroso.
  3. Heroína marrón. También denominada n º 3 o brown sugar, es un polvo de color marrón fino o terroso y procede del sudeste asiático. Suele ir mezclada con otras sustancias como Cafeína, Estricnina, Azucares, etc. Su contenido en heroína oscila entre un 25 y un 50%. Es más rápida de producir que la blanca.
  4. Heroína negra. Conocida como black tar (negro alquitrán), es de color marrón oscuro a negro y se produce en México. Es mucho más fuerte, más barata y rápida de producir que la blanca. Se consume principalmente en Estados Unidos.

La heroína, cuando llega al consumidor, se presenta cortada con distintas sustancias, dependiendo en ciertos momentos de la propia picaresca del traficante. Se han detectado cortes con sustancias tan variadas como glucosa, lactosa, cacao, cafeína, paracetamol, piracetam, harina, y algunas peligrosas como estricnina, yeso, ladrillo rallado y polvos de talco. Su nivel de pureza ha bajado considerablemente y dependiendo de la oferta y demanda del momento puede oscilar entre un 6 y un 20 %. Excepcionalmente, en algunos poblados marginales de Madrid, el nivel de pureza alcanza cifras del 50 – 60 %.

Su venta suele hacerse en forma de pequeñas papelinas, que contienen una cantidad que raramente llega a los 250 mg (¼ de gr), siendo mucho más frecuentes las de 100 mg.

La cantidad que consume un heroinómano variará en función del nivel de adicción. Los iniciados consumen aproximadamente 250 mg y, posteriormente, llegan a necesitar algunos hasta 2 o 3 gramos diarios.

Para su consumo, habitualmente, se disuelve en agua que calientan en una cucharilla doblada o similar con una fuente calórica como mecheros, velas o similares para favorecer la mezcla y disolución. Posteriormente, el líquido resultante lo filtran con un algodón o filtro de cigarrillo y se lo inyectan directamente en vena, siendo el lugar más habitual la cara interna de los brazos, aunque no son infrecuentes los que se inyectan entre los dedos de las manos o pies, debajo de la lengua, en la ingle, etc., buscando generalmente esas zonas por la facilidad en localizar en ellas venas. Otras veces, este cambio en zonas donde inyectarse lo hacen tratando de ocultar las marcas que dejan los propios pinchazos, ya que por razones laborales, familiares etc., esas marcas supondrían un grave problema facilitando su identificación por el resto de personas. De ahí que veamos gente que usa mangas largas en momentos no adecuados, que se pincha en zonas pocos frecuentes, antes citadas, o que busca otras vías de consumo, como es el esnifar los vapores tras calentar la heroína (chino), esnifarla o fumarla.

Algunos heroinómanos mezclan la heroína con otras drogas como la cocaína (bola rápida o speed ball) o con las anfetaminas (bola de fuego o fireball).

El uso de jeringuillas conlleva grandes riesgos de contagios de enfermedades, pues los adictos se intercambian las jeringuillas entre sí de forma habitual.

En cuanto a los efectos que produce, genera dependencia física, psíquica y presenta tolerancia. Su potencia es mayor que la morfina, de 4 a 10 veces.

¿Qué es la «muerte gris»?

  • Es una mezcla de varias drogas (heroína, fentanil, carfentanil).
  • Se puede presentar de forma compacta o en polvo.
  • Consumo: inyectada, por vía oral, fumada o esnifada.
  • Posible absorción por la piel.
  • Puede provocar la muerte con una sola dosis.
  • Altamente adictiva.
  • Por el momento no ha sido detectada en España.

Si os ha gustado este artículo, compartidlo. Nos ayudará a seguir creciendo.

Si deseas preparar la oposición a Policía Nacional Escala Básica, tenemos la clave para que lo consigas. Descarga TriviaPol (disponible en IOS y Android:). 

3.247 pensamientos sobre “La «muerte gris». Nueva droga a tener en cuenta oposición a Policía Nacional.”

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